The Cuban crocodile is no longer found in most of its historic range, and is currently restricted to two relatively small areas in Cuba.
Scientific name: Crocodylus rhombifer
Family Classification: Crocodylidae
Common names: Cuban Crocodile
IUCN Red List Category: Critically Endangered (1)
Year Assessed: 1996 (Needs updating) (1)
Estimated wild population: 3,000 to 6,000, most likely 4,000 (2)
Range Description: This species is no longer found in most of its historic range, and is currently restricted to two relatively small areas in Cuba. Its principal distribution is in the Zapata Swamp, where it occupies an area of 360 square kilometres (223 sq mi). In the Lanier Swamp on the Isla de Pinos its present distribution is 35 square kilometres (21 sq mi). (1)
Countries: Cuba (1)
Description: The Cuban crocodile is a medium sized species reaching a maximum length of 3.5 metres (11.4 ft). It is the most terrestrial of all the crocodilians and has big, strong legs, which gives it a unique high walk. It is also one of the most aggressive species, and defends itself with its strong jaws. This is the only species of crocodile with a brown iris.
Maximum adult length: 3.5 metres (11.4 ft)
Diet and predation: Cuban crocodiles feed on anything they can overpower including fish, turtles, and mammals. With it powerful legs, it is specially adapted to hunting on land, and has impressive jumping capabilities.
Conservation status: With wild numbers under 4,000, the Cuban crocodile is one of the most endangered crocodile species on the planet today. Threats include hunting by humans and habitat destruction. Conservation efforts include continuous study of the species, and several captive breeding programs. Although the species has recovered in recent years, it remains highly vulnerable.
Cuban Crocodile Profiles
List of adopters
- Sarah Knight
- Nicky O'Byrne
- Oliver Merritt
- Ed Bellamy
To join our adopters list and help make a difference for this species, adopt an American alligator today!
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